Over Thanksgiving break a few friends and I went bowling. While watching the bowling ball travel down the lane I realized that I approximate the velocity at which a ball was traveling. Important aspects of this scenario to note are I'm assuming the alley is friction-less and the ball is rolling without slipping. The length of a standard bowling alley lane is around 19 meters and the ball in question has a mass of 5kg.
The Potential energy of the ball equals the mass of the ball times g times the change in height. With the change in height being a little lower than my height when I bring my arm back before releasing the ball. A little less than my height of 1.76m, the approximate height I bring the ball up should be around 1.7m.
PE=mg(h1-h2)=5kg*9.8m/s2 *(1.7m-0m)=83.3 Joules
The total Kinetic Energy of the ball would be the sum of the KE(rot) and KE(trans)
KE(tot)=KE(trans) + KE(rot) I(sphere)=(2/5)mr2 w=(v/r)
KE(tot)=(1/2)mv2+(1/2)Iw=(1/2)mv2 + [(1/2)((2/5)mr2](v/r)2)=(7/10)mv^2
Assuming no friction, the entire PE is converted into KE as the ball travels
KE=PE (7/10)mv2 = 83.3 J (7/10)(5 kg)v^2 = 83.3 J v=4.9m/s
Solving for velocity a value of 4.9 m/s is obtained